(KFVS) - This is your First Alert that heat index values are over 105 right now!
If you plan to be outside please wear light weight light colored clothing, drink plenty of water, and don't forget the sun screen.
Dehydration and heat exhaustion will quickly if you do not prepare.
If you ignore the symptoms of heat exhaustion heat stroke could take place.
If all possible remain indoors in a cool environment until the hottest part of the day passes, after 6PM.
The heat isn't stopping parents and players from attending a baseball tournament at Shawnee Park this weekend. You can click here for some of their tips on keeping cool.
Recognizing and avoiding heat-related illnesses
The body normally cools itself by sweating, but when temperatures and humidity are high it gets harder for our bodies to cool off through sweating. Those at greatest risk of suffering heat related illness are the elderly, the very young, those with heart disease, obesity, mental illness, poor circulation, sunburn, those un-acclimatized to the heat and those using prescription drugs which limit sweating and decrease circulating blood volume.
Manual labor and exercising when it is hot and humid out can also increase your risk for heat-related illness.
Heat-related illness can be classified into three categories of increasing severity:
- heat cramps
- heat exhaustion
- heat stroke
Symptoms of heat cramps include muscle pains or spasms, typically in your abdomen, arms or legs. Heat cramps are most commonly associated with performing strenuous activity in the heat – things like football practice, yard work and distance running.
Here's what happens: sweating during vigorous activity depletes your body's normal levels of salt, water and electrolytes. By not re-hydrating properly, your body will have an altered level of sodium and potassium which can lead to muscle cramping.
If you or someone you know is experiencing heat cramps, stop all activity. Rest in a quiet, cool place and drink fluids.
Consider these tips for preventing and managing heat-related illnesses.
- Stay in air-conditioned buildings.
- Do not rely on a fan as your primary cooling device.
- Limit outdoor activity, especially midday when it is the hottest part of the day, and avoid direct sunlight.
- Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing.
- Take cool showers or baths to lower your body temperature.
- Check on at-risk friends, family, and neighbors at least twice a day. These may include seniors and people with chronic health conditions.
- Drink more water than usual and don’t wait until you’re thirsty to hydrate.
- Drink 2 to 4 cups of water every hour while working or exercising outside.
- Avoid alcohol or beverages with high amounts of sugar.
- Check the local news for extreme heat warnings.
- Click here to check out some cooling centers in the Heartland
Normally, the body cools itself by sweating. However, if temperatures and humidity are extremely high, sweating is not effective in maintaining the body's normal temperature. If the body does not cool properly or does not cool enough, a person may suffer a heat-related illness, which can become serious or even deadly if unattended.
Warning signs and symptoms vary but may include:
- Heavy sweating
- Skin cold, pale and clammy
- Weak pulse
- Fainting and vomiting
What you should do
- Move to a cooler location
- Lie down and loosen your clothing
- Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of your body as possible
- Sip water
- If you have vomited and it continues, seek medical attention immediately
- High body temperature (above 103 degrees Fahrenheit)
- Hot, red, dry or moist skin
- Rapid and strong pulse
- Possible unconsciousness
What you should do
- Call 911 immediately - this is a medical emergency
- Move the person to a cooler location
- Reduce the person's body temperature with cool cloths or a bath
- Do NOT give fluids
Avoiding heatstroke in children
Heatstroke is the leading cause of non-crash vehicle fatalities for children 14 and under. In fact, one child dies from heatstroke nearly every 10 days from being left alone in a hot vehicle.
Children's body temperatures can rise up to five times faster than that of an adult and heatstroke can occur in temperatures as low as 57 degrees. Even with the windows cracked open, interior temperatures can rise almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit within the first 10 minutes.
Warning signs of heatstroke include: red, hot, and moist skin, no sweating, a strong rapid pulse or a slow weak pulse, nausea, confusion or acting strangely.
If a child exhibits any of these signs after being in a hot vehicle, cool the child rapidly by spraying them with cool water from a garden hose and then call 911 or your local emergency number immediately.
Here's a few key safety tips to prevent deadly accidents and vehicular heatstroke:
- Never leave a child unattended in a vehicle.
- Do not let your children play in an unattended vehicle. Teach them that a vehicle is not a play area.
- Never leave infants or children in a parked vehicle, even if the windows are partially opened.
- Make a habit of looking in the back of the vehicle – front and back- before locking the door and walking away.
If you are dropping your child off at daycare, and normally it's your spouse or partner who drops them off, have your spouse or partner call you to make sure the drop went according to plan.