Spring rains have brought mosquito breeding to many southern Illinois backyards, and with it the risk of West Nile Virus, according to the University of Illinois Extension.
"The first step to fighting mosquitos begins in your backyard," according to Rhonda Feree, University of Illinois Extension horticulture educator.
West Nile Virus is most frequently transmitted through the house mosquito, according the extension. They state the insect can only fly about 1 and one-half miles, and the mosquito usually breeds and lives in backyards.
Mosquito eggs and larvae must have water to live. Water sources have to be removed as soon as possible from residential yards and communities, according to the extension.
Here are some common yard areas that the extension says hold enough water to breed mosquitos:
- Dirty gutters
- Flat roofs
- Tin cans
- Brake drums
- Candy wrappers
The extension recommends eliminating these yard sites at least once per week, since it takes the insect larvae only 5-7 days to develop.
For more information contact your Ill. extension office.